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Butterfly Facts

Butterfly Facts

Amazing Butterfly Facts You can determine which butterflies live in your area by entering your zip code on Fred Miller’s website http://www.gardenswithwings.com/ The Monarch Butterfly’s host plant is milkweed. There are over 140 species of milkweed. The USDA website lists the milkweeds and provides a map where they grow:  Enter “milkweed” and “common name”  and click on go. http://plants.usda.gov/java/nameSearch Butterflies taste with their feet. Taste receptors on a butterfly’s feet help it find its host plant and locate food. A female butterfly lands on different plants, drumming the leaves with her feet to make the plant release its juices. Spines on the back of her legs have chemoreceptors that detect the right match of plant chemicals. When she identified the right plant, she lays her eggs.   http://insects.about.com/od/butterfliesmoths/a/10-facts-butterflies.htm Don’t touch! Moth and butterfly wings are very delicate, and can easily rip or tear from the slightest touch. http://www.sandiegozoo.org/animalbytes/t-butterfly.html Monarch butterflies follow the same migration patterns every year. During migration, huge numbers of butterflies can be seen gathered together. ttp://www.kidzone.ws/animals/monarch_butterfly.htm Butterflies can only fly if their body temperature is above 86 degrees. Butterflies sun themselves to warm up in cool weather.  http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/butterfly/allabout/ Butterflies taste with their feet.Taste receptors on a butterfly’s feet help it find its host plant and locate food. A female butterfly lands on different plants, drumming the leaves with her feet to make the plant release its juices. Spines on the back of her legs have chemoreceptors that detect the right match of plant chemicals. When she identified the right plant, she lays her eggs. http://insects.about.com/od/butterfliesmoths/a/10-facts-butterflies.htm Butterflies live on an all-liquid diet. Speaking of butterflies eating, adult butterflies can only feed on liquids, usually nectar. Their mouthparts are modified to enable them to drink, but they can’t chew solids. http://insects.about.com/od/butterfliesmoths/a/10-facts-butterflies.htm Butterflies drink from mud puddles.A butterfly cannot live on sugar alone; it needs minerals, too. To supplement its diet of nectar, a butterfly will occasionally sip from mud puddles, which are rich in minerals and salts. This behavior, called puddling, occurs more often in male butterflies, which incorporate the minerals into their sperm. These nutrients are then transferred to the female during mating, and help improve the viability of her eggs. http://insects.about.com/od/butterfliesmoths/a/10-facts-butterflies.htm Butterflies live just 2-4 weeks, usually. Once it emerges from its chrysalis as an adult, a butterfly has just a few short weeks to live. During that time, it focuses all its energy on two tasks – eating and mating. Some of the smallest butterflies, the blues, may only survive a few days. Butterflies that over winter as adults, like monarchs and mourning cloaks, can live as long as 9 months.  http://insects.about.com/od/butterfliesmoths/a/10-facts-butterflies.htm Butterflies are nearsighted, but they can see and discriminate a lot of colors. Within about 10-12 feet, butterfly eyesight is quite good. Anything beyond that distance gets a little blurry to a butterfly, though. Butterflies rely on their eyesight for vital tasks, like finding mates of the same species, and finding flowers on which to feed. In addition to seeing some of the colors we can see, butterflies can see a range of ultraviolet colors invisible to the human eye. The butterflies themselves may have ultraviolet markings on their wings to help them identify one another and locate potential mates. Flowers, too, display ultraviolet markings that act as traffic signals to incoming pollinators like butterflies – “pollinate me!”  http://insects.about.com/od/butterfliesmoths/a/10-facts-butterflies.htm Most butterflies fly during the day, and most moths fly at night. This is why butterflies are often more colorful than moths – they attract mates with color (visible in daytime) and sleep at night. In contrast, night-flying moths attract mates by smell, while their colors camouflage them in daytime resting places. http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/butterflies/game/facts.htm The origin of butterflies and moths goes back to the time of dinosaurs, in the Mesozoic Era (230 to 63 million years ago). The earliest caterpillar fossils date back 100 million years.http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/butterflies/game/facts.htm Butterflyies are the second largest group of pollinators, next to bees. http://home.cogeco.ca/~lunker/interesting_facts.htm The larvae of some of the Blue, Coppers, and Hairstreak butterflies produce a sugary excretion that is consumed by ants that in turn protect the larvae from preators. http://home.cogeco.ca/~lunker/interesting_facts.htm The Mourning Cloak has been known to play dead in order to escap  http://home.cogeco.ca/~lunker/interesting_facts.htm Butterflies smell with their antennae http://home.cogeco.ca/~lunker/interesting_facts.htm Over wintering butterfly species of larvae avoid freezing by producing glycerol like antifreeze, http://home.cogeco.ca/~lunker/interesting_facts.htm The Painted Lady Butterfly is probably the most widespread butterfly in the world since it does not live in just one region or country. The Painted Lady Butterfly is found in Asia, Africa, Europe, and all over the North American continent. The only place you will not find a Painted Lady Butterfly is in South America, the Arctic, and Australia. The Painted Lady prefers well-lit, open environments. Such as clover fields, flowery meadows, and hilly country. Marshes, sand dunes, and patches of thorn scrubs also draw them in.  
Click on website to get a list of US state symbol Butterfly. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_U.S._state_butterflies Most butterflies prefer flowers that are pink, red, purple, or yellow and that are open all day. http://www.amazingbutterflies.com/butterflyreleaseinfo/Butterfly-Facts.html Butterflies sleep between blades of grass or find the underside of a leaf. http://www.amazingbutterflies.com/butterflyreleaseinfo/Butterfly-Facts.html l Female butterflies are usually bigger and live longer than males. http://www.amazingbutterflies.com/butterflyreleaseinfo/Butterfly-Facts.html The female butterfly gives off a scent that the male butterfly can smell. http://www.amazingbutterflies.com/butterflyreleaseinfo/Butterfly-Facts.html Don’t touch! Moth and butterfly wings are very delicate, and can easily rip or tear from the slightest touch. http://www.sandiegozoo.org/animalbytes/t-butterfly.html An abduance of butterflies indicate a healthy, well balanced ecosystem. http://www.homosassabutterfly.com/edcuational/interesting-facts-about-butterflies Butterflies don’t have lungs. They breath through Openings in their abdomens called Spiracles.. http://www.homosassabutterfly.com/edcuational/interesting-facts-about-butterflies What eats butterflies and moths? They are eaten by birds, bats, lizards, snakes, toads, ants, parasitic flies, moths, monkeys and even humans in some parts of Mexico, Africa, and Southeast Asia.  http://www.naturemuseum.org/online/thebutterflylab/FAQ/FAQmain.html How many eggs do butterflies lay? Up to 1,000 eggs at a time.http://www.naturemuseum.org/online/thebutterflylab/FAQ/FAQmain.html Where do they go when it rains? Butterflies, chrysalides and caterpillars take shelter under leaves and rocks. Butterflies cannot fly well with wet wings. http://www.naturemuseum.org/online/thebutterflylab/FAQ/FAQmain.html The Kamehameha butterfly (Vanessa tameamea) is one of the two species of butterflynative to Hawaii  (the other is Udara blackburnihttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamehameha_butterfly Which butterfly is bigger, the male or female? A: Though it depends on the species, the female butterfly is often larger. http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/article/answers-kids-questions-about-butterflies What are some of the differences between moths and butterflies? A: Moths fly mostly at night, have thick bodies, antennae without enlargements on the end, and they spin a cocoon. .http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/article/answers-kids-questions-about-butterflies What is the difference between a chrysalis, a pupa, and a cocoon? A chryalis and pupa are two words for the same thing, the third stage in the life of a butterfly or moth (the four stages are egg, caterpillar, pupa, and adult moth or butterfly). Some moths also form cocoons. The cocoon is an outer rapping made by the caterpillar using silk produced from glands in the caterpillar’s mouth. Sometimes the caterpillar will fasten leaves together with silk to form the cocoon, while other species (such as the silk moth) form the entire cocoon from silk. The caterpillar then pupates (forms the pupa or chrysalis) inside this protective covering. Butterflies do not make cocoons.  http://courses.ttu.edu/thomas/classPet/1999/butterfly/learn.htm Five butterflies have become extinct in Britain in the last 150 years – the Large Copper, Mazarine Blue, Black-veined White, Large Blue and Large Tortoiseshell. The Chequered Skipper became extinct in England in 1976, but still survives in Scotland. The Large Blue has been successfully re-introduced, under a collaborative programme coordinated by Butterfly Conservation. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/wildlife/3301083/Butterfly-facts.html Most of the monarchs joining the migration each fall are 3-4 generations removed from those that made the journey the previous year. http://monarchwatch.org/blog/2009/04/monarch-butterfly-top-ten-facts/ The migration progresses at a pace of 25-30 miles per day, although individual butterflies often fly further during periods when conditions are favorable.http://monarchwatch.org/blog/2009/04/monarch-butterfly-top-ten-facts/ Migratory monarchs that survive the winter in Mexico are 8-9 months of age and may be the longest lived of all butterflies. In contrast, reproductive monarchs breeding during the summer months only live 2-5 weeks due to the high cost of reproduction.  http://monarchwatch.org/blog/2009/04/monarch-butterfly-top-ten-facts/ You can attract butterflies into your yard with sugar water. http://www.butterfly-facts.com/ Most butterflies egs are the size of a period. Some re microscopic. http://www.butterfly-facts.com/ Butterfly Conservation is an insect conservation organisation in the United Kingdom. It is one of the largest insect conservation organisations in the world. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butterfly_Conservation “Monarch butterfly populations are declining due to lost of habitat. To assure a future for monarch, conservation and restoration of milkweed needs to become a national priority.” Chip Taylor, Director, Momarch Watch http://monarchwatch.org/ How to donate to monarch conservation. Your contribution to support Monarch Watch. 100 percent of your donation will go to Monarch Watch  http://monarchwatch.org/donate/

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